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Introduction to Ayurveda


What does the word 'Ayurveda' mean?

The word 'Ayurveda' is a sanskrit word which basically consists of two words.

One is 'Ayu', which means lifespan of an individual. The second word is 'Veda', which means knowledge or science. so the meaning of Ayurveda as a whole is the science which deals with life span of human being.

Aim of Ayurveda

The basic aim of Ayrveda is further explained in the following sentences.

Swasthasya Swasthya Rakshanam

Atursya Vikar Prashamanam

These two Sanskrit sentences explain the depth of methodology by which Ayurveda deals with the human life. The first aim of Ayurveda is to protect and maintain the health of the human being through out the entire life span. The second aim of this science is to cure the diseases which are developed in the body of a human, whom it defines as patient ('Rogy'), by offering numerous herbal remedies of cure in depth.


Definition of healthy human being (SWASTHA)

Ayurveda fruther defines the word 'swastha' meaning 'healthy human being' by its theory which is based on DOSHA, DHATU, MALA, AGNI etc., as follows:

Samadosha Samagnishcha Samdhatumalakriya.

Prasnnatmendriyamanah Swasthityabhidhiyate.


Meaning of the above Sanskrit sentences is that the human, who has the balance state of the Doshas {'VATA', 'PITTA' & 'KAPHA' are the three doshas in the human body which are responsible for the norma physiology & psychology when they are in a balanced state}, has the balance function of Agni in the body {AGNI means fire, there are thirteen types of Agni in the body 1-Digestive (pachagni), 7-tissues fire (dhatvagni) & 5-basic elements fire (mahabhutagni)}, has balance state of all dhatus means tissues in the body, all impurtities of the body eliminated, and all sense organs, mind and soul of the body in a balanced & pleasant state is defined as a 'healthy human being'. This way 'Ayurveda' defines the 'healthy human being' as above and further suggests the preventive methods for health of a human beings in details